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The Civil Aviation Administration issued the "General Aviation Pilot License and Training Management" (full text)! Clarify the license management and training management of general aviation pilots
In order to further clarify the license management and training management of general aviation pilots, the Civil Aviation Administration recently issued the "General Aviation Pilot License and Training Management." This advisory circular is an explanation of the relevant provisions of the "Civil Aircraft Pilot Certification Rules" (CCAR-61) and the "General Operation and Flight Rules" (CCAR-91). It is applicable to operations in accordance with CCAR-91 (hereinafter referred to as General aviation) flight crew license and training management.
"General Aviation Pilot License and Training Management" Full Text
In order to further clarify the license management and training management of general aviation pilots, this advisory notice is hereby issued. This advisory circular is an explanation of the relevant provisions of the "Civil Aircraft Pilot Certification Rules" (CCAR-61) and the "General Operation and Flight Rules" (CCAR-91).
2 Scope of application
This advisory circular applies to the license and training management of pilots operating in accordance with CCAR-91 (hereinafter referred to as general aviation).
3 Implementation of training
3.1 Commercial operators engaged in flight training for general aviation flight personnel shall pass the operation certification required by CCAR-91 regulations and meet the relevant flight training qualification requirements for commercial non-transport operators. Among them, training flights for sports pilot licenses and private pilot licenses do not need to apply.
3.2 The flight instructor who provides the following training should hold a civil aircraft pilot license with the corresponding flight instructor level issued in accordance with CCAR-61:
A. In order to obtain sports, private, commercial and airline transportation pilot licenses or increase the category level, level level and instrument level training;
B. Training to obtain the level of flight instructor;
C. Training to obtain aircraft type rating;
D. Provide complex aircraft training, night flight training, training required by pressurized aircraft operating at high altitudes, and towing glider training;
E. Training carried out in accordance with the "Explanation on Particular Helicopter Training and Experience Requirements" (AC-61-18).
3.3 Pilots who provide the following training do not need to have a flight instructor level, but they must hold a commercial pilot license or airline transport pilot license, and serve as captain for more than 50 hours in similar operations:
A. Agricultural and forestry wine spraying operation training;
B. External load operation training of rotorcraft;
C. Three-point aircraft training after driving.
3.4 Pilots who provide the following training do not need to have a flight instructor level:
A. Transformation training that does not involve increasing licenses or levels, such as the conversion of a multi-engine land aircraft commercial pilot license to Y-12 or a helicopter commercial pilot license to S-300C model training, etc.;
B. Training for various operations outside the scope of 3.3, such as fishery, prospecting, photography, and artificial precipitation.
3.5 For pilots who have already obtained a single-issue private pilot license for a single-issue aircraft pilot license, they should complete the following training and pass the theoretical and practical test of the private pilot license:
A. At least 5 hours of flight training, including 3 hours of instrument flight training required by Article 61.129(a)(3);
B. At least 5 hours of solo flight training, including long-distance solo flight as required by Article 61.129(a)(5). For pilots who have experienced more than 10 hours of pilot-in-command after holding a sports pilot license and have implemented long-distance transfers that meet the requirements of Article 61.129(a)(5) when performing their duties, no solo flight is required training.
3.6 For a pilot who uses a junior aircraft to obtain a private pilot’s license and intends to fly an aircraft certified for airworthiness in accordance with CCAR-23 as the captain, it is recommended that a commercial pilot’s license holder familiar with the aircraft type It carries out the necessary difference training until it is proficient in the control procedures of the aircraft type, handling of abnormal situations and key technical actions such as normal and crosswind takeoff, landing and go-around.
4 License and grade requirements
4.1 Requirements for remunerated pilot license
According to Article 91.7 of CCAR-91, a person who serves as an aircraft pilot in a commercial flight for the purpose of remuneration or rental, or a pilot who provides civil aircraft driving services to others and obtains remuneration for such services shall at least Obtain a commercial pilot license and the corresponding aircraft class and operating permit.
For those who hold a sports license to fly for remuneration, the relevant requirements of Article 61.120 of CCAR-61 shall be complied with.
4.2 Obtaining a driver’s license and rating
4.2.1 Except for applicants for sports pilot licenses of primary aircraft or autogyro grades, aircraft pilots shall obtain the licenses and levels required for operation in accordance with CCAR-61 or CCAR-141 after training and examination.
4.2.2 For the original national aircraft pilots, they can follow the provisions of Article 61.91 of CCAR-61 and the "Explanation on Issues Related to Civil Aircraft Pilot Licenses for Persons with National Aircraft Pilot Experience" (AC-61-02) Request, apply for the issuance of the required license and level.
Applicants who meet the requirements of commercial pilot’s license and level of knowledge and flight experience, and meet the requirements for exemption of private pilot’s license practical examination, but do not meet the requirements of commercial pilot’s license practical examination, may be allowed to apply for a private pilot’s license. General airlines can perform proficiency flight before the practical test. Pilots who provide such teaching must file with the bureau and do not need to have an instructor level.
4.2.3 Drivers operating under conditions lower than visual weather conditions or under instrument weather conditions shall obtain an instrument level, which shall be obtained in accordance with Article 61.83 of CCAR-61 or Annex B of CCAR-141. To apply for instrument level, training and practical examinations must be conducted at a training institution approved by the bureau.
4.2.4 Serving as a captain on an aircraft requiring a type rating must obtain a type rating. The type level must be trained and practiced in a unit approved by the bureau. The type-level training syllabus needs to be formulated in accordance with the ``Type-Level Training Requirements'' (AC-61-12) and reported to the regional administration. The regional administration reviews its training syllabus, facilities, and instructors and considers it to be qualified for the corresponding type. After training at other levels, the training program can be approved. The bureau will supervise and inspect the entire teaching and training, and be responsible for organizing type-level examinations.
4.2.5 If the training of a complex aircraft cannot be conducted due to its training model or other factors, and the corresponding commercial pilot license examination cannot be conducted on the complex aircraft, according to the regulations of 61.27 of CCAR-61, the Administrator is When the training personnel issue a license, they should endorse the restriction that "complex aircraft cannot be operated". Those who hold the above-mentioned restricted licenses can be cancelled after they meet the requirements of CCAR-61 regulations and have at least 10 hours of complex aircraft training experience, signed by an authorized instructor to prove that they are qualified to fly complex aircraft, and pass the practical examination organized by the bureau. The restrictions on its license. Training should include at least the following:
A. Correctly execute the landing gear and flap operation procedures and checklists;
B. Reasonably set the engine power according to different weather conditions and flight stages;
C. Identify and correctly handle the abnormal situation where the landing gear is not locked down;
D. Understand and master the effects of landing gear and flaps on aircraft air performance.
4.2.6 If night training cannot be carried out due to its training model or other factors, according to the regulations of CCAR-61 Part 61.171, the bureau shall endorse the restriction of “No night flight” when issuing licenses for its trainers. Persons holding the above-mentioned restricted licenses can cancel the restrictions on their licenses after they have met the following night flight training experience and passed the practical examination organized by the bureau (see appendix 1 for the practical examination content), but this practical examination shall not be substituted Regular inspections or proficiency inspections required by regulations:
A. For sports pilot licenses and private pilot licenses, at least the night flight training of the corresponding time and content required by CCAR-61 shall be completed on aircraft of the same category and level (if applicable);
b. For commercial pilot licenses of aircraft, helicopters and tiltrotor aircraft, at least 3 hours of private pilot license and 2 hours of commercial pilot license required by CCAR-61 should be completed on aircraft of the same category and class (if applicable) Night flight training corresponding to the pilot license and at least 5 hours of solo flight training corresponding to the commercial pilot license; for the commercial pilot license of the airship category, it should meet the night flight experience requirements and flight training in Article 61.165 of CCAR-61 Claim.
5 Implementation of the examination
5.1 The theoretical examination of the applicant can be conducted by the local administrative bureau, or by the administrative bureau of the unit where the local administrative bureau entrusts the applicant to receive training.
5.2 Applicant's practical examination can be organized and implemented by the local administrative bureau, or by the local administrative bureau of the unit where the applicant is entrusted by the local administrative bureau to receive training.
5.3 Applicants holding overseas pilot licenses and intending to convert to Chinese licenses should, in principle, provide practical exams with their overseas licenses or the corresponding model aircraft they flew when they obtained their licenses overseas. However, for those who only implement the type and level (if applicable) license conversion, after the applicant has gone through the necessary differences and proficiency in flying, the practical examination can be conducted on other types of aircraft of the same type and level (if applicable); due to different types The differences in helicopter operations, for the differences and proficiency of different types of helicopters, it is recommended that the corresponding level of authorized instructor accompany the flight.
6 Revision and abolition
Pilots in this advisory refer to civil aircraft pilots engaged in general aviation flight activities.
6.2 Revision History
The main content of the 4th revision is: abolish the requirement of "there is no type rating but the type certification is qualified as a co-pilot on a multi-crew aircraft"; it is clear that the endorsement restriction on the "not to operate complex aircraft" on the license is cancelled Clarified the training time and test standards for the cancellation of the “no night flying” endorsement restriction on the license; clarified the relevant requirements for the aircraft used when foreign pilot license holders switch to Chinese licenses for practical examinations.
The fifth revision is based on the "Decision of the Ministry of Transport on Amending the "Civil Aircraft Pilot Certification Rules"" (Order No. 37 of the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China, 2018), which clarified 3.1 Sports Pilot License and Private Pilot There is no need to apply for a license for training flights; the 4.2.1 requirements for the theoretical and practical test of the sports pilot license for the junior aircraft or autogyro level have been cancelled.
Effective from the date of issuance of this advisory notice, the original AC-61-FS-2015-08R4 "General Aviation Pilot License and Training Management" (issued on July 13, 2015) is invalidated.
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